The Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle Fernsehen e.V. (FSF) was set up in 1993. It is an organisation for the voluntary self-regulation of television, which most commercial television broadcasters in Germany are affiliated with. Its remit is focused on the protection of minors against TV programmes which could be harmful to children (TV films, shows, serials etc). The certified organisations for voluntary self-regulation play an important role in the new German system for the protection of minors which is based on the principle of co-regulation (or regulated self-regulation).
In 2003, a co-regulatory system for the protection of minors in the media environment was established in Germany. As far as television and the Internet are concerned, the new legislation contained in the Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Minors in the Media (JMStV - Jugendmedienschutzstaatsvertrag) introduces a system of regulated self-regulation.